Conservation and use of wild populations of Coffea arabica in the montane rainforests of Ethiopia

The montane rainforests of south-eastern Ethiopia are the cradle of wild Coffea arabica, the archetype of a large proportion of modern commercial coffee breeds. Due to the dwindling size of the montane rainforests the precious resource of wild Coffea arabica has become threatened. The overall objective of the project Conservation and use of the wild populations of Coffea arabica in the montane rainforests in Ethiopia (CoCE) is to combine:

  • the conservation of the genetic diversity of wild coffee with
  • the conservation of the diversity of species and ecosystems within the montane rainforests.

The second project phase lasterd from August 2006 to July 2009 with an extension until December 2009. It focused on the development of implementation strategies of model character for the concurrent conservation and use of both wild Coffea arabica and its natural habitat in the center of its diversity, the montane rainforests of southwestern Ethiopia.

The Environment and Coffee Forest Forum (ECFF) is an Ethiopian NGO which worked towards the conservation and use of coffee forests. ECFF was a key actor in the process of suggesting the area being recognized as UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in June 2010.

See the slide show at the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) who provided the financial means for this project.